To fulfil its objectives and meet the evolving needs of each air sport and area of activity, the FAI has constantly adjusted its organisational structure. Today, the FAI comprises the following elements:
The member nations of FAI are represented by their "National Air Sport Controls" (NACs). At the General Conference, voting powers are held by FAI Active Members and by the Air Sport Commissions.
The FAI Expert Groups are persons with expertise in specific areas who are called upon when there is a need for technical expertise. They are appointed by the FAI Executive Board and are on stand-by and assignments are only carried out "on demand".
The FAI Regional Vice Presidents are appointed by the FAI Executive Board to increase the management resources of FAI and provide the Executive Board with a tool for effective regional presence and a mechanism to promote air sports in a particular region.
The FAI Vice Presidents consist of the Vice Presidents representing Active Members and the Presidents of the Air Sport Commissions.
The FAI Head Office is managed by the Secretary General, who is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the federation. In 1998, after 93 years in Paris, the FAI moved its headquarters and Secretariat to Lausanne, the Olympic Capital.