Incidents Types

This incidents types list is a synthesis of syntheses of several national overall practice incidents databases. Some sources have been lost, however the synthesis remains. All sources were real, yet sorting the categories and especially the solution proposals are subjective (i.e. the 2012 CIVL Safety Officer). The records run already over several decades, but this list is of course open. So feel free to send any commentary, amendment or new case to the Safety Officer.  Lastly, this list is being corrected in native English and will be updated as soon as possible. Fly safe. 




lack of oxygen flying down, oxygen set
dehydration drinking, camelback
hypoglycemia eating
cold weather checking, gloves, clothing
sun sunglasses, sunscreen, clothing, drinking
need to pee learning technique
white dots on retina good sunglasses
visual flaw (midair path) red tape, FLARM
airsick training
bad physical shape renounce
lack of sleeping renounce
tiredness renounce
scubadiving less than 12 hours before flight renounce
alcohol renounce
cannabis renounce
wounds on ground poor fitness
centrifugated lectures on high Gs dangers
loss of control without rescue opening lectures on high Gs dangers
personal worries renounce
feeling "beside" renounce
lack of experience training
start of season learning
carelessness training
speeding up delay
nervous delay
anger delay
excess of confidence learning
"testosterone" delay
distraction (camcorder...) delay
forgetting legloops starting with legloops
run stop in tandem launch poor preparation
student without guidance pedagogy flaw
panic pedagogy flaw
fear (adrenalin) training
risk taking with weather, aerology getting conscious (forgiving only 99% of times)
unavailability, overload comfort, tuned equipment
unavailability, overload simplifying, training
forgetting to close legloops, waist strap linked legloops / shoulderstraps
impossible wanted parachute opening handle on pod, reached by both hands or 2 parachutes
unwanted parachute opening faired & fitted pod handle
legs injuries suit ballast limits to lightest pilots
spine injuries deployable airbag
face wounds by glasses glasses without sharp rim
loosing helmet tested geometry, strong chin strap
"neck breaker" minimal fairing behind helmet
brain rotational wounds MIPS helmet technology
jamming cord on launch outside attachments by cow hitches or quick links, no hook nor (radio) wire
difficult parachute opening pilot chute on pod
pilot chute break freefall tested pilot chute
separation on parachute opening parachute bridle connected to harness safety frame
parachute burst in terminal velocity opening freefall tested sail, shock absorber
injuries upon landing under parachute size suited to gross weight
parachute pod opened before throwing protected closing loop, lines stowed on pod
drowning upon water landing lecture about cases & reactions, equipment design
loss of control during launch, dragged easier sail behaviour, Rose system
collapses kept entangled more lines in the upper front part of the pyramid?
cutting or fatigue line break proper size lines
collapses, late reaction for low AoA solid profiles?
collapses, turbulence at max speed max speed below max potential speed
spiral stability improve design
protruding nail, cord jamming on launch surfacing
"rocket" launch under winch tow, unrecoverable stall if line break restricted tension below 50 m, improve operator's skills
impossible release on lock out high tension suited release (no 3 nor 2 cord loops system)
aircraft collision with winch tow line winch tow activity on airmaps
obstacle on landing cutting fences / trees
spinaker effect simplifying, training
poor sail rising control simplifying, training
line mix simplifying, training
gust training
low angle of attack training
passenger / pilot interaction poor preparation or briefing
back into slope sail control & anticipating
lockout sail control & anticipating
collision following rules, watching & anticipating
collapse training, SIV
stall / surge training, SIV
spin training, SIV
parachutal improving sail control & altitude management
pilot wrapped up in sail lectures on aerobatics
unwanted rescue opening equipment preparation
high wind improving wind analysis & anticipating
poor approach, low turn long straight final
gradient improving wind analysis & anticipating
collapse due to obstacles improving judgement
obstacle on landing improving judgement & anticipating
no braking improving judgement, pedagogy
overcrowded start gate adapting period between launch opening and 1st start, ex. 1 to 2 hours
midair collision constant scan of the whole space around, FLARM
collapse reduce speed by task design
lost pilots mobile phone on (what's app), live tracking, SPOT
dangerous task line / final glide flight corridor over landable & aerologically safe zones
overcrowded landing keeping daily turn direction (adapting line position on field) if possible
mental training: visualise problems & emergency procedures
aware of consequences (aviation's hardest is the ground)
aware of own (changing) limits: adrenalin, visual flaws; not cheating with oneself
fit & awake (distraction, excitement...)
ability to renounce: no dishonor but maturity
using logic rather than procedures learned by heart
simplifying procedures to lower work load
anticipating worsening situation (act instead of react), having an alternate
not relying on luck
safety scale (green: fly, yellow: watch ground, red: land)
humility, incorporate mistake's occurrence (airline pilots make 1 / hour)
accepting & assuming mistakes, listening to criticism even from less experienced persons
stepping in if detecting danger or incompetence
declaring incidents to increase common experience
putting stress on little mistakes: 1st step towards accident

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