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FAI World Microlight and Paramotor Championships: 20-27 August 2016

More than 100 microlight and paramotor pilots are in England this week, 20-27 August 2016, competing...

Flying the Extra 330SC Aerobatic Plane

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20th FAI European Aerobatic Championships: 20-27 August 2016

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On This Day in History: Otto Lilienthal’s legacy lives on

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FAI to develop innovative IT solutions for Air Sport Discipl....

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The FAI Commissions and Head Office have started working on the development of new IT solutions to support the management of the three disciplines taking part in the The World Games 2017 as well as fo....

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Join the celebrations for the 125th Anniversary of Otto Lili....

Join the celebrations for the 125th Anniversary of Otto Lili....

It was spring time in 1891 when aviation pioneer Otto Lilienthal finally made it and took off with his self constructed "Derwitzer" glider. His flight attempts at the "Mühlenberg" area, near Derwitz ....

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11 August 1986: The FAI World Record of John Trevor Egginton

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Profile of a world champion: Ferenc Toth

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It’s a family affair: Jerzy and Jan Makula

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Eldon Joersz: Meet the fastest man in the air

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Current Events

FAI F4 World Championships for Scale Model Aircraft

Event ID

: 9880    

Event classification

: First Category Event

Type of event

: World Championship

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

F4C (Radio Controlled Flying Scale Model Aircraft) - seniors
F4H (Scale Model Aircraft - Stand-off scale weight) - seniors
F4C (Radio Controlled Flying Scale Model Aircraft) - juniors
F4H (Scale Model Aircraft - Stand-off scale weight) - juniors

Place

: Ploiesti (Romania)

Date(s)

: 20 Aug to 28 Aug 2016

Website

:http://www.frmd.ro


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

FAI S World Championships for Space Models

Event ID

: 9881    

Event classification

: First Category Event

Type of event

: World Championship

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

S1B (Altitude Models - 2.51 to 5.00 NS) - seniors
S3A (Parachute Duration Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - seniors
S4A (Boost Glider Duration Models 0 to 2.5 NS) - seniors
S5C (Scale Altitude Models) - seniors
S6A (Streamer Duration Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - seniors
S7 (Scale) - seniors
S8E/P (Rocket Glider Duration and Precision Landing Models) - seniors
S9A (Gyrocopter Duration Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - seniors
S1A (Altitude Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - juniors
S3A (Parachute Duration Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - juniors
S4A (Boost Glider Duration Models 0 to 2.5 NS) - juniors
S5B (Scale Altitude Models - 2.51 to 5.00 NS) - juniors
S6A (Streamer Duration Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - juniors
S7 (Scale) - juniors
S9A (Gyrocopter Duration Models - 0 to 2.5 NS) - juniors
S8D (Rocket Glider Duration - 10.01 to 20.00 NS) - juniors

Place

: Lviv (Ukraine)

Date(s)

: 22 Aug to 30 Aug 2016

Alternate dates

: 01 Sep to 09 Sep 2015

Website

:http://frms.ua/


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

FAI World Canopy Piloting Championships

Event ID

: 10551    

Event classification

: First Category Event

Type of event

: World Championship

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

Distance
Speed
Accuracy

Place

: Farnham (Canada)

Date(s)

: 20 Aug to 26 Aug 2016

Website

:http://www.nouvelair.ca


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

FAI European Aerobatic Championships

Event ID

: 10814    

Event classification

: First Category Event

Type of event

: Continental Championship

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

Unlimited Aerobatics (Power)

Place

: Moravská Třebová (Czech Rep.)

Date(s)

: 20 Aug to 27 Aug 2016

Website

:http://www.eac2016.cz


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

Women Open Challenge féminin

Event ID

: 11250    

Event classification

: Second Category Event

Type of event

: Other

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

Cross Country

Place

: Laragne-Monteglin (France)

Date(s)

: 21 Aug to 26 Aug 2016

Alternate dates

: 27 Aug 2016

Website

:http://parapente.ffvl.fr/compet/2902


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

Zlatitsa Aerobattle

Event ID

: 11261    

Event classification

: Second Category Event

Type of event

: Other

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

Cross Country

Place

: Zlatitsa (Bulgaria)

Date(s)

: 23 Aug to 28 Aug 2016

Website

:http://airtribune.com/aerobattle2016


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

FAI World Paramotor Championships

Event ID

: 11339    

Event classification

: First Category Event

Type of event

: World Championship

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

RPF 1 T (Paraglider Control / Foot-launched / Flown solo) (Men)
RPF 1 T (Paraglider Control / Foot-launched / Flown solo) (Women)
RPF 2 T (Paraglider Control / Foot-launched / Flown with two persons)
RPL 1 T (Paraglider Control / Landplane / Flown solo)
RPL 2 T (Paraglider Control / Landplane / Flown with two persons)

Place

: Popham (United Kingdom)

Date(s)

: 20 Aug to 27 Aug 2016

Website

:http://www.wmpc2016.com


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

FAI World Microlight Championships

Event ID

: 11340    

Event classification

: First Category Event

Type of event

: World Championship

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

RWL 1 T (Weight-shift Control / Landplane / Flown solo)
RWL 2 T (Weight-shift Control / Landplane / Flown with two persons)
RAL 1 T (Movable Aerodynamic Control / Landplane / Flown solo)
RAL 2 T (Movable Aerodynamic Control / Landplane / Flown with two persons)
RGL 1 T (Autogyro / Landplane / Flown solo)
RGL 2 T (Autogyro / Landplane / Flown with two persons)

Place

: Popham (United Kingdom)

Date(s)

: 20 Aug to 27 Aug 2016

Website

:http://www.wmpc2016.com


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

Turkish Pre-World cup - Hasan Dagi - Aksaray

Event ID

: 11430    

Event classification

: Second Category Event

Type of event

: Other

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

Cross Country

Place

: Aksaray (Turkey)

Date(s)

: 22 Aug to 28 Aug 2016


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

Russia HG Open Championship

Event ID

: 11438    

Event classification

: Second Category Event

Type of event

: Other

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

class 1 Cross country
class 1 - sport class Cross Country

Place

: Ushkonyr (Kazakhstan)

Date(s)

: 21 Aug to 28 Aug 2016

Website

:http://deltaplan.kz/news


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

Open Kazakhstan Championship -

Event ID

: 11470    

Event classification

: Second Category Event

Type of event

: Other

Disciplines / Task Styles

:

Cross Country

Place

: Almaty (Kazakhstan)

Date(s)

: 22 Aug to 28 Aug 2016

Website

:http://www.livetrack24.com/events/OpenKaz2016/en


Event Organiser


FAI Member of the Hosting Country

Upcoming Events

25 August 2016 2016 Tre Pizzi Trophy Esanatoglia (Italy)
26 August 2016 2nd FAI World Paragliding Aerobatic Championship Montmin - La Forclaz / Doussard (France)
26 August 2016 2016 Asturias F3F Open - Category F3 - Radio Controlled Flight Gijon - Asturias (Spain)
26 August 2016 17th Governor's Cup - Category F1 - Free Flight Raçibórz (Poland)
26 August 2016 47th Eifelpokal - Category F1 - Free Flight Zülpich (Germany)
26 August 2016 2016 Transilvania Accuracy Landing - Siria (Romania)
26 August 2016 11th Honor Ratchaburi Paragliding Championship Open - Khao Son, Ratchaburi (Thailand)
26 August 2016 2016 World Cup Series in Thalgau - Thalgau, Salzburg (Austria)
27 August 2016 2016 Brasilia Hang Gliding Pre-Worlds Brasilia (Brazil)
27 August 2016 2016 Hohenstoffelnpokal - Category F3 - Radio Controlled Flight Binningen (Switzerland)
27 August 2016 2016 Friendship Cup of Ukraine - Category F1 - Free Flight Gliwice (Poland)
27 August 2016 2016 F3K Open International Competition Herentals - Category F3 - Radio Controlled Flight Herentals (Belgium)
27 August 2016 2016 Martin Cup - Category F5 - Radio Controlled Electric Powered Flight Martin (Slovakia)
27 August 2016 2016 Hessenpokal F5F - Category F5 - Radio Controlled Electric Powered Flight Wolfhagen (Germany)
27 August 2016 2016 Moscow Cup - Category F4 - Scale Models Moscow (Russia)
More events

 

8th Coupe Aéronautique Gordon Bennett - Paris (FRA) 1913

Start: Paris, Jardin des Tuileries, October 12th, afternoon         

From the Book: Die Gordon Bennett Ballon Rennen
(The Gordon Bennett Races) by Ulrich Hohmann Sr

The circle closes, the launch of the Gordon Bennett Race returns to its birthplace from 1906. This had been achieved by Maurice Bienaime and Rene Rumpelmeyer with a flight from Stuttgart to the area of Moscow the year before. It was directed by fate, that this return happened exactly in the moment, when an interruption for a longer period stood at the front door. Nobody knew this of course, for times had become calmer. It still rumbled in the Balkans, even if the Osman empire had mostly renounced . their European possessions. But the Balkans were far away, seen from Paris much farther than from Stuttgart. Probably one can see in the fixing of the union of three (Germany, Austria and Italy) during the emperors exercises in Silesia a month ago, the beginning of a confrontation against France, England and Russia, which forced France to introduce the three years duty in military service.

High diplomacy, who did care about it in those days? It was much more than today the case of the leading heads, either monarchs or civil presidents of a republic. Much more a topic for discussion, at least for balloon pilots, was the explosion of the German navy airship L2 over Johannistal near Berlin, killing 24 people. Also new ways to travel in the air came up, and nobody really knew, how they would perform. But everything else, besides the normal catastrophes of nature, mine explosions, train accidents and ships sinking is quite normal.

The people among themselves understood each other, the sportsmen were friends. Of course, they fought for victory in a race, but before and after they shared experiences, discussed and helped each other. If someone would have told to a Bienaime or a Leblanc, that they have to hate an Eimermacher, Kaulen or Berliner or the other way round, because they were "iron foes", they would have refused without understanding.

Flying balloons was very attractive to the French people, more than half a million spectators were counted at the launch. They hoped for another French victory, but in vain. 18 pilots had come to Paris and everybody knew that they were "the best of the world". Honeywell, third the year before, was there, and also Bienaime and Rumpelmeyer, last years winners, flew separate this time. As "2nd man in the basket" a woman flew for the first time in a Gordon Bennett Race, Madame Gustave Goldschmidt. Emancipation was always a matter of course in ballooning. With Rene Rumpelmayer as pilot she had flown from Paris to the area of Charkov (Ukraine) on March 19th to 21st this year, putting the world distance record up to 2420 km. One had heard from Hugo Kaulen and Hans Berliner from Germany (and should soon hear much more), Armbruster, de Beauclair from Switzerland and young Belgian Demuyter were hot favourites for the victory. Only one would not be considered to be on one of the higher rankings: 25 year old Ralph H. Upson from the USA. Reason for this was among others, that he had become a pilot just one year before and, at least in the opinion of the other competitors and the journalists, could not have gathered enough experience and technical knowledge. Of course, he was a student of meteorology, or, as it was called in these days "the streaming of the air", but one still did not think very well about this science. Also his balloon was not in the best condition. A well know balloon manufacturer pointed some broken meshed in his net to him, Upson asked back: "Do you think, that the hole is big enough that the envelope could escape through it?"

There had also been a change in the selection of the pilots. Looking at the competitors lists of the first races shows, that a lot of officers, noblemen and industrialists took part in these flights. Ballooning was reserved to these circles of society in many countries. But now, thanks to Gordon Bennett, one could not only face adventures on these flights, but also gather fame for oneself and his home country. So it is quite understandable, that the national aero clubs took more influence in the selection of the competitors. They had to prove the adequate staying power and enough experience, the rest then came on its own.

Experience was quite different. Frank Lahm (1906) won in his 15th flight in a balloon, Edgar W. Mix (1909) had finished his instructions to become a balloon pilot just two years ago, so there was not too much experience. It looked quite better with Erbslöh, Theodor Schaeck, Alan R. Hawley and Hans Gericke. But all of them may not have cared much about tactical conditions and long preparations.

The more these races became known, the more fame came to the competitors and their countries and the more importance was put on selection of the balloon and the persons. One of the first, who added considering the influence of meteorological conditions to his planning, was Ernest Demuyter. The race in 1913 had contributed a lot to this, as he explains in his report:

Translation from Demuyter here

Meteorology in those days was in its childhood. Of course, the pilots got handed out the information from all meteorological stations round the world, and often the forecast for beginning rain, snowfall or storm was true. But there were no weather maps as we know today from the television every evening. There was also no weather briefing before launch. Everybody got his own information. What he then concluded and how he put it to practice was his own affair.

So they tried to save ballast, looked for a fast and adequate layer, put the track to a map and prolonged it, concluded then to fly a little higher or lower to catch some more kilometres over land before the sea put and end to the flight. One only risked to fly out to the sea, when the direction and power of the wind, seen by the heading till then, could guarantee a relatively safe arrival at the opposite coast. It was still well remembered what happened in 1908.

The morning after launch found the field close together about 200 kilometres south of Paris. Then the wind turned to the northwest, towards the Atlantic ocean. Now, according to the old way, one had to try to fly to the longest bulge of the land. That means, flying low, to the left, this was the direction for the Bretagne. Catching this peninsula of France allows to fly up to the town of Brest. American Honeywell managed this best, his most southerly heading brought him almost 500 km as the crow flys.

Italian Pastine tried it just the other way round and was also not without success. His most northerly heading brought him to Normandy almost up to the town of Cherbourg, at least also 450 kilometres far. All the others flew in between and therefore had to come back to earth at the bay of St. Malo. That would have been it, if not Mister Upson was absolutely confident in his science.

Today every balloon pilot knows (or should know it), that the wind turns right in a high pressure area and counter clockwise in a low. Today we know the gradient winds, floating almost parallel to the isobars. Mister Upson also knew this in his days. In the beginning, he did not care at all, flying more north or south, then, to the horror of the others, he crossed the coast, heading for his sure death, if he would not find a ship, fishing him out of the waves of the ocean.

He did not need the ship. He fell, caused by the cooling air above the water (and its influence on the temperature of the gas) from his former altitude, but got the balloon under control, overthrew, climbed much higher than before and headed now exactly north, towards the English coast between Exeter and Portsmouth. From there it went on in a wide bend, crossing the Bristol Channel, passing north of Birmingham, until the North Sea north of the little town Bampton, Devon, forced him to land after 43 1/2 hours of flight.

We had seen this before! 1906 American Frank P. Lahm made his victory not far from this place, but much more directly, not with this long detour over Southwest England. Upson told after his victory, that he had made a mistake in his calculations: He had not calculated the cooling above the water, without the fall he would have flown in a bend much more narrow above the Netherlands to Northwest Germany. But nobody believes this, especially with today's knowledge of his science. Such small circles are rarely permitted by a high over Scandinavia and a low west of England. And would this have been farther? – He got his victory with 618 kilometres, a victory of science over technical skill in a balloon, a victory of sober calculations over experience.

The end of the race caused another effect. Both Germans Hugo Kaulen and Hans Berliner had hoped for more success. They ended in the disappointing ranks 16 and 18. But hey did not rest, they knew about their skill and wanted to prove it to the world. Little later, they had the opportunity for it. On December 13th Hugo Kaulen went on a flight, bringing him the world record for duration with 87 hours. Hans Berliner waited another 2 month longer. On February 8th 1914 he flew east from Bitterfeld for 47 hours covering 3053 kilometres and landing at Perm in the Ural. That was the new world record in distance, first beaten on August 17th, 1978 with the first crossing of the Atlantic ocean. The history of this two flights is worth an extra book.

Later, after the war, Upson flew in two more Races, but could not repeat his success. The break of six years, following the 1913 race, also forced progress in meteorology for all, otherwise a war with poison gas would not have been possible. A lot of people would have loved to wait longer for these quick results.

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This year's theme is "Air Sports in Harmony with Nature". Give free rein to your imagination – you might earn one of the Gold, Silver or Bronze Medals!

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