Login

21st FAI World Hot Air Balloon Championship in Rio Claro, Brazil

Watch all the competition in pictures on Flickr !

1st FAI European Paramotor Slalom Championships in Couhé, France

Check out the pictures of the prize-giving ceremony on Flickr !

Enter the FAI Young Artists Contest and have your share in the FAI World Air Games Dubai 2015 !

Are you a young artist aged from 6 to 17 ? Would you like to have your share in the greatest and mos...

33rd FAI World Gliding Championships in Räyskälä, Finland

Check out the event photoset on Flickr !

2014 F3A Radio Control Aerobatics World Cup

Mario Del Valle from Spain won the 2014 Open International WC F3A Cerceda

FAI Head Office closed on Friday 1 August 2014

FAI Head Office closed on Friday 1 August 2014

The FAI Head Office will be closed on Friday 1 August 2014 for a public holiday. The office will reopen on Monday 4 August.

Read more...
Get the Bug for Air Sports with the new FAI Video

Get the Bug for Air Sports with the new FAI Video

The FAI has released a new video featuring all air sports activities under the umbrella of the Federation. The 3-minute film succinctly presents the FAI sports and includes footage of FAI internationa....

Read more...
FAI President and Secretary General meet IOC President to di....

FAI President and Secretary General meet IOC President to di....

FAI President Dr. John Grubbström and FAI Secretary General Susanne Schödel were recently invited to meet International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach (pictured in middle) at the IOC headqu....

Read more...
2014 FAI Active Members’ Presidents Meeting

2014 FAI Active Members’ Presidents Meeting

Coming from all around the world, 24 Executive Representatives from 21 FAI Member organisations met in the Swedish capital of Stockholm on Saturday 7 June for the 2014 FAI Active Members’ Presiden....

Read more...
FAI World Air Games 2015 to be Staged in Dubai

FAI World Air Games 2015 to be Staged in Dubai

The FAI announced today that the 2015 edition of the FAI World Air Games has been awarded to the United Arab Emirates and will be held in Dubai. This multi-discipline event will be organised by the Em....

Read more...
More news
Interview with Pierre Duval, President of the FAI Environmental Commis....

Interview with Pierre Duval, President of the FAI Environmental Commis....

Frenchman Pierre Duval, 50, is the new President of the FAI Environmental Commission (EnvC) since his election by the Delegates during the last annual meeting of the Commission in February 2013. He ....

Read more...
Tony Iberler, youngest pilot ever to participate in a world helicopter....

Tony Iberler, youngest pilot ever to participate in a world helicopter....

Tony Iberler qualified as an Helicopter Pilot in Germany on his 17th birthday, one year before he can legally drive a car. In 2012, still aged 17, he was selected as a member of the German National T....

Read more...
Interview with John Dickenson, recipient of the FAI Gold Air Medal

Interview with John Dickenson, recipient of the FAI Gold Air Medal

At the 2012 FAI Awards Ceremony held yesterday in Antalya, Turkey, John Dickenson was presented with the FAI Gold Air Medal by FAI President John Grubbström for his great contribution to the developm....

Read more...
Maxim Sotnikov (RUS): Helicopter Pilot

Maxim Sotnikov (RUS): Helicopter Pilot

Although Maxim Sotnikov learned to fly helicopters only 6 years ago, he is already one of the world’s best pilots and will be one to watch at the 14th FAI World Helicopter Championship that will t....

Read more...
Pál Tákats (HUN): Paragliding Aerobatics Champion

Pál Tákats (HUN): Paragliding Aerobatics Champion

At 16 years old, Pál knew that paragliding was going to be more than just the next new hobby sport for him. Dedicating his time to flying from the day he left school, he and his young and talented Hu....

Read more...
More Personality

Current Events

until 02 August 2014 6th Open Borgava Cup 2014 Borgava (Ukraine)
until 02 August 2014 2014 Slovenia, Croatia, B&H, Serbia Paragliding Open National Championship Kopaonik (Serbia)
until 03 August 2014 2014 Shumen-XC Open Shumen (Bulgaria)
until 03 August 2014 2014 Mercimektepe XC Open Tokat (Turkey)
until 03 August 2014 2014 FAI Junior World Championships for Free Flight Model Aircraft Salonta (Romania)
until 02 August 2014 17th FAI World Glider Aerobatic Championships Torun (Poland)
until 10 August 2014 33rd FAI World Gliding Championships Leszno (Poland)
until 02 August 2014 2014 Championnat Régional Champagne Ardennes Joinville Mussey (France)
until 08 August 2014 2014 Czech Regional Championship Tabor (Czech Rep.)
until 08 August 2014 2014 Concours International de Bailleau Bailleau (France)
until 08 August 2014 2014 Concours Amical de Bailleau Bailleau (France)
until 03 August 2014 2014 International German Flatlands Hanggliding Altes Lager (Germany)
until 02 August 2014 5th FAI World Advanced Glider Aerobatic Championships Torun (Poland)

Upcoming Events

01 August 2014 2014 Azay Le Brule Inter - Category F1 - Free Flight Beauvoir-sur-Niort (France)
01 August 2014 2014 Austrian Open - Internationale Österreichische Meisterschaft im Hängegleiten Aflenz Land (Austria)
01 August 2014 2014 Klippeneck-Segelflug-Wettbewerb Klippeneck (Germany)
01 August 2014 9th Ratchaburi Paragliding Princess’s Cups Open 2014 Khao Son, Ratchaburi (Thailand)
02 August 2014 2014 Anatolian Free Flight Cup - Category F1 - Free Flight Ankara (Turkey)
02 August 2014 2014 Anatolian Free Flight Cup - Category F1 - Free Flight Ankara (Turkey)
02 August 2014 2014 Aerobertics Cup - Category F3 - Radio Controlled Flight Havay (Belgium)
02 August 2014 10th Plassenburgpokal - Category F3 - Radio Controlled Flight Kulmbach (Germany)
02 August 2014 2014 EUROTOUR City Cup Holic - Category F5 - Radio Controlled Electric Powered Flight Holic (Slovakia)
02 August 2014 2014 Monte Cucco Internationall Trophy - Campionati Italiani Sigillo (Italy)
02 August 2014 2014 Greek League Mouzaki, Karditsa (Greece)
02 August 2014 2014 Championnat Interregional Junior Est Pont Saint-Vincent (France)
02 August 2014 2014 Slovak Paragliding Championship Donovaly (Slovakia)
02 August 2014 2014 Carpathian Cup Open Pylypets (Ukraine)
03 August 2014 13th FAI European Paragliding Championship Kopaonik - Raska (Serbia)
More events

 

Latest FAI World Record Claims

26 July 2014 Aeromodelling and Spacemodelling : Distance in a straight line: 149 : 17.8 km Vladimir Kiselev (RUS)
19 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Speed over a recognised course : 480.00 km/h Travis P. Holland (USA)
19 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Altitude : 6376 m Klaus Ohlmann (GER)
19 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Altitude in horizontal flight : 6350 m Klaus Ohlmann (GER)
19 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Speed over a 15 km course : 229.7 km/h Klaus Ohlmann (GER)
19 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Time to climb to a height of 6 000 m : 1h 53 min 41 sec Klaus Ohlmann (GER)
18 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Speed over a recognised course : 785 km/h Johnathan D. Ricks (USA)
18 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Speed over 500 km : 93.03 km/h Klaus Ohlmann (GER)
18 July 2014 Powered Aeroplanes : Distance : 504.4 km Klaus Ohlmann (GER)
17 July 2014 Hang Gliding and Paragliding : Free triangle distance : 302.2 km Jacques Fournier (FRA)
16 July 2014 Microlights and paramotors : Speed over a closed circuit of 500 km : 162 km/h François Denis (FRA)
16 July 2014 Aeromodelling and Spacemodelling : Duration: 185 : 4 h 55 min Roger Thierry (FRA)
16 July 2014 Aeromodelling and Spacemodelling : Distance in a closed circuit: 190 : 130.00 km Roger Thierry (FRA)
15 July 2014 Hang Gliding and Paragliding : Out-and-return distance : 205.5 km Françoise Dieuzeide - Banet (FRA)
15 July 2014 Hang Gliding and Paragliding : Speed over an out-and-return course of 200 km : 200 km/h Françoise Dieuzeide - Banet (FRA)
More records

8th Coupe Aéronautique Gordon Bennett - Paris (FRA) 1913

Start: Paris, Jardin des Tuileries, October 12th, afternoon         

From the Book: Die Gordon Bennett Ballon Rennen
(The Gordon Bennett Races) by Ulrich Hohmann Sr

The circle closes, the launch of the Gordon Bennett Race returns to its birthplace from 1906. This had been achieved by Maurice Bienaime and Rene Rumpelmeyer with a flight from Stuttgart to the area of Moscow the year before. It was directed by fate, that this return happened exactly in the moment, when an interruption for a longer period stood at the front door. Nobody knew this of course, for times had become calmer. It still rumbled in the Balkans, even if the Osman empire had mostly renounced . their European possessions. But the Balkans were far away, seen from Paris much farther than from Stuttgart. Probably one can see in the fixing of the union of three (Germany, Austria and Italy) during the emperors exercises in Silesia a month ago, the beginning of a confrontation against France, England and Russia, which forced France to introduce the three years duty in military service.

High diplomacy, who did care about it in those days? It was much more than today the case of the leading heads, either monarchs or civil presidents of a republic. Much more a topic for discussion, at least for balloon pilots, was the explosion of the German navy airship L2 over Johannistal near Berlin, killing 24 people. Also new ways to travel in the air came up, and nobody really knew, how they would perform. But everything else, besides the normal catastrophes of nature, mine explosions, train accidents and ships sinking is quite normal.

The people among themselves understood each other, the sportsmen were friends. Of course, they fought for victory in a race, but before and after they shared experiences, discussed and helped each other. If someone would have told to a Bienaime or a Leblanc, that they have to hate an Eimermacher, Kaulen or Berliner or the other way round, because they were "iron foes", they would have refused without understanding.

Flying balloons was very attractive to the French people, more than half a million spectators were counted at the launch. They hoped for another French victory, but in vain. 18 pilots had come to Paris and everybody knew that they were "the best of the world". Honeywell, third the year before, was there, and also Bienaime and Rumpelmeyer, last years winners, flew separate this time. As "2nd man in the basket" a woman flew for the first time in a Gordon Bennett Race, Madame Gustave Goldschmidt. Emancipation was always a matter of course in ballooning. With Rene Rumpelmayer as pilot she had flown from Paris to the area of Charkov (Ukraine) on March 19th to 21st this year, putting the world distance record up to 2420 km. One had heard from Hugo Kaulen and Hans Berliner from Germany (and should soon hear much more), Armbruster, de Beauclair from Switzerland and young Belgian Demuyter were hot favourites for the victory. Only one would not be considered to be on one of the higher rankings: 25 year old Ralph H. Upson from the USA. Reason for this was among others, that he had become a pilot just one year before and, at least in the opinion of the other competitors and the journalists, could not have gathered enough experience and technical knowledge. Of course, he was a student of meteorology, or, as it was called in these days "the streaming of the air", but one still did not think very well about this science. Also his balloon was not in the best condition. A well know balloon manufacturer pointed some broken meshed in his net to him, Upson asked back: "Do you think, that the hole is big enough that the envelope could escape through it?"

There had also been a change in the selection of the pilots. Looking at the competitors lists of the first races shows, that a lot of officers, noblemen and industrialists took part in these flights. Ballooning was reserved to these circles of society in many countries. But now, thanks to Gordon Bennett, one could not only face adventures on these flights, but also gather fame for oneself and his home country. So it is quite understandable, that the national aero clubs took more influence in the selection of the competitors. They had to prove the adequate staying power and enough experience, the rest then came on its own.

Experience was quite different. Frank Lahm (1906) won in his 15th flight in a balloon, Edgar W. Mix (1909) had finished his instructions to become a balloon pilot just two years ago, so there was not too much experience. It looked quite better with Erbslöh, Theodor Schaeck, Alan R. Hawley and Hans Gericke. But all of them may not have cared much about tactical conditions and long preparations.

The more these races became known, the more fame came to the competitors and their countries and the more importance was put on selection of the balloon and the persons. One of the first, who added considering the influence of meteorological conditions to his planning, was Ernest Demuyter. The race in 1913 had contributed a lot to this, as he explains in his report:

Translation from Demuyter here

Meteorology in those days was in its childhood. Of course, the pilots got handed out the information from all meteorological stations round the world, and often the forecast for beginning rain, snowfall or storm was true. But there were no weather maps as we know today from the television every evening. There was also no weather briefing before launch. Everybody got his own information. What he then concluded and how he put it to practice was his own affair.

So they tried to save ballast, looked for a fast and adequate layer, put the track to a map and prolonged it, concluded then to fly a little higher or lower to catch some more kilometres over land before the sea put and end to the flight. One only risked to fly out to the sea, when the direction and power of the wind, seen by the heading till then, could guarantee a relatively safe arrival at the opposite coast. It was still well remembered what happened in 1908.

The morning after launch found the field close together about 200 kilometres south of Paris. Then the wind turned to the northwest, towards the Atlantic ocean. Now, according to the old way, one had to try to fly to the longest bulge of the land. That means, flying low, to the left, this was the direction for the Bretagne. Catching this peninsula of France allows to fly up to the town of Brest. American Honeywell managed this best, his most southerly heading brought him almost 500 km as the crow flys.

Italian Pastine tried it just the other way round and was also not without success. His most northerly heading brought him to Normandy almost up to the town of Cherbourg, at least also 450 kilometres far. All the others flew in between and therefore had to come back to earth at the bay of St. Malo. That would have been it, if not Mister Upson was absolutely confident in his science.

Today every balloon pilot knows (or should know it), that the wind turns right in a high pressure area and counter clockwise in a low. Today we know the gradient winds, floating almost parallel to the isobars. Mister Upson also knew this in his days. In the beginning, he did not care at all, flying more north or south, then, to the horror of the others, he crossed the coast, heading for his sure death, if he would not find a ship, fishing him out of the waves of the ocean.

He did not need the ship. He fell, caused by the cooling air above the water (and its influence on the temperature of the gas) from his former altitude, but got the balloon under control, overthrew, climbed much higher than before and headed now exactly north, towards the English coast between Exeter and Portsmouth. From there it went on in a wide bend, crossing the Bristol Channel, passing north of Birmingham, until the North Sea north of the little town Bampton, Devon, forced him to land after 43 1/2 hours of flight.

We had seen this before! 1906 American Frank P. Lahm made his victory not far from this place, but much more directly, not with this long detour over Southwest England. Upson told after his victory, that he had made a mistake in his calculations: He had not calculated the cooling above the water, without the fall he would have flown in a bend much more narrow above the Netherlands to Northwest Germany. But nobody believes this, especially with today's knowledge of his science. Such small circles are rarely permitted by a high over Scandinavia and a low west of England. And would this have been farther? – He got his victory with 618 kilometres, a victory of science over technical skill in a balloon, a victory of sober calculations over experience.

The end of the race caused another effect. Both Germans Hugo Kaulen and Hans Berliner had hoped for more success. They ended in the disappointing ranks 16 and 18. But hey did not rest, they knew about their skill and wanted to prove it to the world. Little later, they had the opportunity for it. On December 13th Hugo Kaulen went on a flight, bringing him the world record for duration with 87 hours. Hans Berliner waited another 2 month longer. On February 8th 1914 he flew east from Bitterfeld for 47 hours covering 3053 kilometres and landing at Perm in the Ural. That was the new world record in distance, first beaten on August 17th, 1978 with the first crossing of the Atlantic ocean. The history of this two flights is worth an extra book.

Later, after the war, Upson flew in two more Races, but could not repeat his success. The break of six years, following the 1913 race, also forced progress in meteorology for all, otherwise a war with poison gas would not have been possible. A lot of people would have loved to wait longer for these quick results.

Articles In This Category
Category Articles

2014 FAI Young Artists Contest

Y-TOROPOVA-2011art1-1big
This year's theme is "Flying to save lives". Give free rein to your imagination – you might earn one of the Gold, Silver or Bronze Medals!

Read more...

Clean sport

843566_85292309-microscope
Find out more about the FAI Anti-Doping Programme.

Read more...

FAI Awards

awards
Browse the list of the FAI Awards recipients.

Read more...

events calendar

Gallery

Interesting Record

world air_games

frontpage_logos

IOC Recognised

Did you know...?

3h 54m 59s = World Record manpowered aircraft

Did you know...?

Glenn was the first American to orbit the Earth

Did you know...?

There are 150 pilots in Paragliding Worlds