11 October 2005: Russian Cosmonaut Krikalev becomes the Absolute Record Holder in Accumulated Space Flight Time
Ten years ago, on October 11th 2005 at 01:10:00 (UTC), the manned transport space vehicle “Soyuz TM - 6” landed in the north of Kazakhstan. Hours before, the eleventh expedition to the International Space Station (ISS) undocked and returned to Earth with the three crew members on board. Amongst them was the Russian pilot-cosmonaut Sergei K. Krikalev (Сергей Константинович Крикалёв), who completed his sixth orbital space flight mission over the period from 1988 to 2005. By ending this journey, the total cumulative time he spent in space summed up to 803 days, 9 hours, 39 minutes and 9 seconds and set the Absolute World Record in the category “Accumulated Space Flight Time”. In other words and to give a better idea of the dimension of this truly exceptional achievement: Krikalev spent 2 years, 10 weeks, 2 days, 22 hours, 1 minute and 9 seconds in space, including eight Extravehicular Activities (EVAs or space walks).
American engineer Alan Eustace (left with FAI President Dr Grubbström, right), 59, was awarded the prestigious 2015 Breitling Milestone Trophy at the 2015 FAI Awards Ceremony of the 109th FAI General Conference in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, for developing a self-contained flight system for manned stratospheric exploration, and for advancing space crew egress systems.
The FAI Gold Air Medal is, together with the FAI Gold Space Medal, the highest award of the Federation. It is reserved for those who have contributed greatly to the development of aeronautics by their activities, work, achievements, initiative or devotion to the cause of Aviation.
Jarrett Martin, 24, was born in Seattle, USA (pictured left with balloonist Brian Jones). He currently works as a promoter at Skydive Dubai. He was awarded the 2015 Breitling Youngster Award at the 2015 FAI Awards Ceremony in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Let us look back 45 years on the 6 September 1970 and recall an FAI World Record in Gain in Altitude for Aeromodelling and Spacemodelling (Class F) that has not been broken since. On that day, the American Maynard Luther Hill set the record in Gain in Altitude for Radio Control Flight Aeroplane, with a record altitude of 8.205m (26.920 feet). Hill’s “Catbird” launched at 5:24pm, when the sun was low in the sky and a remarkable improvement in visibility, from the former Naval Weapons Laboratory Airfield, Dahlgren, Virginia in the United States.
4 August 1985: Larry Tudor, the “Part Bird”, who Flew a Record of a 4’343 Meters Gain in Altitude with a Hang Glider
Today marks the 30th anniversary of an FAI Word Record made by an American pilot described as both “Part Bird” and “Skygod” and who is perhaps one of the finest Hang Glider pilot for tandem or solo flights: Larry Tudor. A fidgety Californian, he has been pushing the edges of how far hang gliders can go since the air sport's early days in the 1970s. During his long career, Tudor set a total of ten FAI World Records and the one we are commemorating today has not yet been broken.
Five years ago today, Swiss pilot André Borschberg landed the zero-fuel aircraft Solar Impulse HB-SIA after a 26h 10m 19s flight from and to Payerne, Switzerland. A normal duration for a jet, but an absolutely incredible performance for a plane using only the power of the sun!
With an outstanding pilot in paramotoring, we would like to carry on with the series of FAI World Record anniversaries: Ten years ago on 23 June 2005, the three Russian pilots Vladimir Makurin, Nikolay Karabchouk and Alexander Bogdanov each broke an FAI World Record with a project named “Troika Air”.
Balloon World Record not broken since
We are pleased to continue our series of world record celebrations with an exceptional woman in ballooning sports: British Lindsay Muir. She established a female category duration world record for balloons in class AX-10 (Hot-air balloons: 4.000 to 6.000 m³) for a flight of 19h 07min 55sec on 21 May 2000 with the balloon “Lindstrand LBL-210 A” (G-FVBF).
On 18 March 1965, FAI celebrates the 50th anniversary of the first space-walk. Russian cosmonaut Alexey Leonov achieved this feat during the Voshkod 2 mission. He stayed out in space for 12 min 9 sec, a performance that the FAI recognised as a world record in the “Extravehicular duration in space”. Born on 30 May 1934, he still lives in Russia.
Today is a special day in the history of space exploration. It is the day, 50 years ago, that Russian cosmonaut Alexey Leonov became the first person to walk in space.
With whom else than Steve Fossett could we open our series of world record celebrations? From 1995 to 2007, the FAI ratified 93 of his performances, which makes him the holder of the largest number of world records. These figures are unequalled, and they are all the more impressive given that they are linked to achievements in four different air sports, namely Ballooning, Airships, Gliding and General Aviation.