How to set a Record

Incidents Types

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This incidents types list is a synthesis of syntheses of several national overall practice incidents databases. Some sources have been lost, however the synthesis remains. All sources were real, yet sorting the categories and especially the solution proposals are subjective (R. Caux). The records run already over several decades, but this list is of course open. So feel free to send any commentary, amendment or new case to the Safety Officer (R. Caux). Fly safe. 




lack of sleeping, tiredness, jetlag
bad physical shape
alcohol, cannabis
need to pee
visual flaw (midair path)
white dots on retina
wounds on ground
scubadiving less than 12h before flight
centrifugated, no reserve opening
fly down, oxygen set
drink, camelback
weather check, gloves, cothes
sunglasses, sunscreen, clothes, drink
give up
give up
give up
learn technique
red tape, FLARM
good sunglasses
(fitness) training
give up
learn Gs dangers, G-trainer, drogue chute
lack of experience
start of season
fear, carelessness, complacency

personal worries, feeling "beside"

nervous, anger, "testosterone"
distraction (camcorder...), speeding up
forgetting legloops
run stop in tandem launch
student without guidance
risk taking with weather, aerology
unavailability, overload, panic
learn human factor
learn human factor
give up

close legloops 1st
improve pedagogy
improve pedagogy
learn human factor
tuned equipment, simplified pedagogy, training
forgetting legloops, waist strap

impossible wanted reserve opening

unwanted reserve opening
separation on reserve opening
legs injuries
spine injuries
EN 1651, Safe-T-Bar, legloops-shoulder straps links
direct handle reached by both hands or 2 reserves
faired & fitted pod handle
bridle connected to harness safety frame

ballast suited to pilot

deployable airbag
face wounds by glasses
loosing helmet
"neck breaker"
brain rotational wounds
jamming cord on launch or glider

difficult reserve opening
pilot chute break
pod opened before throwing

reserve burst in terminal velocity opening
injuries upon landing under reserve
drowning upon water landing
glasses with round rim
tested geometry, strong chin strap
minimal fairing behind helmet
MIPS helmet technology
outer tethers only by cow hitches or quick links, inner radio wire
pilot chute on pod
freefall tested pilot chute
protected closing loop, lines stowed on pod

EN 12491, freefall tested sail
size suited to gross weight
floating harness, 1.brake sail 2.open harness
loss of control during launch, dragged
collapses, low AoA,

cutting or fatigue line break
spiral stability
easy sail behaviour, Rose system
max speed limitation, more lines in upper front pyramid?
proper size lines
design, drogue chute
protruding nail on ramp
steep launch on winch tow, stall upon line break
face injuries upon line break
impossible release upon lock out
midair with winch tow line
obstacles on landing
restricted tension below 50m, operator's training

simple, light & compact release

no cord loops imitating metal rings
winch tow activity on airmaps
cut fences, trees

spinaker effect, poor sail rising control
launch with line mix, low AoA, gust
passenger/pilot hindrance upon launch
blown launch, lockout
hitting the ridge
collapse, surge, stall, parachutal, spin

unwanted reserve opening

pilot wrapped up in sail
high wind
poor approach, low turn
gradient, collapse due to obstacles
obstacles on landing
no braking

improve briefing
anticipate, active control
crabb toward the valley

training, SIV
learn rules, continuous 360° watch, anticipate

equipment preparation

read on aerobatics & risk management
improve wind analysis & anticipate
long straight final
judge & anticipate
anticipate, watch free zone
pedagogy, training

overcrowded start gate

lost pilots
hazardous task line/final glide

overcrowded landing
adapt lapse between launch opening & 1st start, ex. 1 to 2h
continuous 360° watch, FLARM
reduce speed by task design
mobile phone on, live tracker, SPOT
flight corridor over landable & in aerologically sane zones
daily turn direction for landing

mental training: visualise problems & emergency procedures
aware of consequences (aviation's hardest = ground)
aware of own (changing) limits: adrenalin, visual flaws, no cheating
fit & awake
ability to renounce: maturity
use logic more than lists learned by heart
simplify procedures to lower work load
anticipate worsening situation, have an alternate
rely on anticipation more than luck
safety scale (green: fly, yellow: watch ground, red: land)
anticipate human mistake, humbleness, listen to critics
step in when hazard or incompetence
declare incidents for common knowledge
putting stress on little mistakes (almost accident)