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How to set a Record

Incidents Types

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This incidents types list is a synthesis of syntheses of several national overall practice incidents databases, running over several decades. Some sources have been lost, however the synthesis remains. Sorting the categories and especially the solution proposals are subjective (R. Caux). The list is of course open. Fly safe.

 

issues

proposals

physiology
hypoxia
dehydration
hypoglycemia
cold
sun
lack of sleeping, tiredness, jetlag
bad physical shape
alcohol, cannabis
need to pee
visual flaw (midair path)
white dots on retina
airsick
wounds on ground
scubadiving less than 12h before flight
centrifugated, no reserve opening
fly down, oxygen set
drink, camelback
eat
weather check, gloves, cothes
sunglasses, sunscreen, clothes, drink
give up
give up
give up
learn technique
red tape, FLARM
good sunglasses
training
(fitness) training
give up
learn Gs dangers, G-trainer, drogue chute
psychology
lack of experience
start of season
fear, carelessness, complacency

personal worries, feeling "beside"

nervous, anger, "testosterone"
distraction (camcorder...), speeding up
forgetting legloops
run stop in tandem launch
student without guidance
risk taking with weather, aerology
unavailability, overload, panic
training
learn human factor
learn human factor
give up

delay
delay
close legloops 1st
improve pedagogy
improve pedagogy
learn human factor
tuned equipment, simplified pedagogy, training
harness
forgetting legloops, waist strap

impossible wanted reserve opening

unwanted reserve opening
separation upon reserve opening
legs injuries
spine injuries
EN 1651, Safe-T-Bar, legloops-shoulder straps links
direct handle reached by both hands or 2 reserves
faired & fitted pod handle
bridle connected to harness safety frame

ballast suited to pilot

deployable airbag
equipment
face wounds by glasses
loosing helmet
"neck breaker"
brain rotational wounds
snagging cord on launch or glider

difficult reserve opening
pilot chute break
difficult pod opening
pod opened before throwing

reserve burst in terminal velocity opening
injuries upon landing under reserve
drowning upon water landing
glasses with round rim
tested geometry, strong chin strap
minimal fairing behind helmet
MIPS helmet technology
tethers only by cow hitches or quick links, inner radio wire, no external strings
pilot chute on pod
freefall tested pilot chute
bungees regularly changed (prevent hardening)
protected closing loop, lines stowed on pod

EN 12491, freefall tested sail
size suited to gross weight
floating harness, 1. brake sail 2. open harness
glider
loss of control during launch, dragged
collapses, low AoA,
cravats

cutting or fatigue line break
spiral stability
easy sail behaviour, Rose system
max speed limitation, more lines in upper front pyramid?
proper size lines
design, drogue chute
environment
protruding nail on ramp
steep launch on winch tow, stall upon line break
face injuries upon line break
impossible release upon lock out
midair with winch tow line
obstacles on landing
surface
restricted tension below 50m, operator's training

simple, light & compact release

no cord loops imitating metal rings
winch tow activity on airmaps
cut fences, trees
control

spinaker effect, poor sail rising control
launch with line mix, low AoA, gust
passenger/pilot hindrance upon launch
blown launch, lockout on tow
hitting the ridge
collapse, surge, stall, parachutal, spin

midair
unwanted reserve opening

pilot wrapped up in sail
high wind
poor approach, low turn
gradient, collapse due to obstacles
obstacles on landing
no braking

training
training
improve briefing
anticipate, active control, "hands free" release
crabb toward the valley

training, SIV
learn rules, continuous 360° watch, anticipate

equipment preparation

read on aerobatics & risk management
improve wind analysis & anticipate
long straight final
judge & anticipate
anticipate, watch free zone
pedagogy, training

competition
overcrowded start gate

midair
collapses
lost pilots
hazardous task line/final glide

overcrowded landing
adapt lapse between launch opening & 1st start, ex. 1 to 2h
continuous 360° watch, FLARM
reduce speed by task design
mobile phone on, live tracker, SPOT
flight corridor over landable & in aerologically sane zones
daily turn direction for landing
principles

mental training: visualise problems & emergency procedures
aware of consequences (aviation's hardest = ground)
aware of own (changing) limits: adrenalin, visual flaws, no cheating
fit & awake
ability to renounce: maturity
use logic more than lists learned by heart
simplify procedures to lower work load
anticipate worsening situation, have an alternate
rely on anticipation more than luck
safety scale (green: fly, yellow: watch ground, red: land)
anticipate human mistake, humbleness, listen to critics
step in when hazard or incompetence
declare incidents for common knowledge
putting stress on little mistakes (almost accident)